What To Note About Bored Piers

Bored pile, also known as a drilled shaft, is a kind of reinforced-concrete foundation that plays an essential role in supporting structures carrying heavy vertical loads. The bored piers are usually cast-in-concrete piles installed with the help of a specific pilling machine, used for drilling up to 5o meters into the soil as one way of ensuring sound foundation. The bored piling process requires a specialist contractor as the required skills are quite different in comparison to conventional footings.

Bored piers are of great benefit when it comes to supporting substantial industrial complexes and high rise buildings which require heavy foundations, the ones in a position of bearing loads weighing several thousand tons. Also, bored piling is a popular choice when it comes to bridge construction.

The Process Of Bored Piling

Installation of the bored pile begins by drilling a vertical hole directly to the soil, and this is done with the help of a bored piling machine. The good thing with this machine is that it can be outfitted with special drilling equipment, grabs, and buckets to facilitate the process of removing the rock and soil. Mostly, the piles go up to a depth of around 60 meters and a diameter measuring up to 2.4 meters. During the drilling process, there is also driving of the temporary sleeve or steel cylinder into the soil. However, the temporary sleeve stays in the hole’s upper portion until when the pile is poured.

A reinforcing structure of steel is built after drilling the hole and then lowered to that hole. After this, the hole is then filled with concrete. To support the above structure, the builders may cap the top of the pile with a pier or footing.

For the best results, the bored piling task is supposed to be carried out with the help of bored piling contractor, since the process is a highly specialised operation that requires extensive experience and skills of bored pile engineering and construction in addition to conditions of the site and soil.

Where You Can Use Bored Piles

When it comes foundations, the bored piers in Melbourne are the best for buildings and any other structure imposing loads that weighs thousands of tons. Also, bored piles offer an important application for difficult or unstable soil conditions. Other than the foundation systems, bore piles play a vital role for earth retention in the creation of structural underground walls. Moreover, these piles can be used in the creation of a secant pile wall, used for the control of the migration of groundwater, by placing the piles close to each other, with a distance measuring 75 and 150 mm between these piles. Other than this, you can create the secant pile wall by placing the piles in such a manner that they overlap.

Advantages Of Bored Pile

  • They cause minimal disturbance to neighbouring soil
  • They minimise subsequent backfill and large excavations
  • There is relatively low vibration, which in turn reduces disruption to the neighbouring structures
  • It enhances the extension of the piles of various lengths through different types of soil like swelling, soft and compressible into the desired bearing material
  • It becomes easy to extend piles to depths below the seasonal moisture variation and frost penetration
Sandhills and pine forest under blue sky. Rural landscape

How To Prevent Erosion From Destroying The Natural Environment

Erosion is a loss of soil that can have devastating effects on the natural environment. If erosion is not prevented, plants will not have the soil they need to grow and underground ecosystems will be lost. Fortunately, there are a number of ways that you can prevent erosion from destroying the natural environment.

Planting Grass And Shrubs

A lot of people do not realise that planting grass and shrubs can help prevent erosion. Erosion is generally caused by water and wind sweeping away bare soil. When you plant grass and shrubs, the roots of the plants will hold the soil in place and prevent it from being swept away. The leaves of plants will also block the rain and stop it from breaking the soil apart.

Using Mulch And Rocks

While planting grass and shrubs is the best solutions, if you are planting young shrubs, you need to take some extra steps. Mulch and rocks can be used to weigh down the soil and prevent it and your young plants from being swept away. The mulch will also absorb water which will reduce the amount of runoff which can cause erosion.

Build A Limestone Retaining Wall

If you have a slope on your property, you need to consider some additional solutions. This is due to the slope of the ground and the way that water runs down it. The best solution in these cases will be a well built limestone retaining wall. These walls are built at the base of the slope and will block the soil.

A retaining wall is a commonly used method of slowing down the collapse of a slope that has suffered from erosion. Retaining walls will also give your grass and plants enough time to grow and start to hold the soil together. If you are going to build a retaining wall, it is important to note that you might need to get approval from your local council first.

Improve Drainage

As erosion is primarily caused by water, improving drainage is a great solution. It is recommended that you have pipes which can drain water out of your garden and into water collection systems. If you do not have proper drainage in your garden, you could lose a layer of topsoil with one bout of heavy rain. If you have problem areas in your garden, you need to look at installing underground perforated drainage pipes to help.

Avoid Soil Compaction

When animals, people and machines travel over bare soil, they will compact it into a dense layer over time. Compacted soil will have less space between the particles which means that water will have a harder time draining through it. When this happens, the water will carry the soil downhill and cause erosion.

There are a number of steps that you can take to avoid soil compaction. Having a path through the garden is the best option. You can also look at adding compost to the soil to attract earthworms as they are able to increase the space between the soil particles.…

Forest where exploration drilling may take place

Environmentally Sustainable Exploration Drilling

Mining processes, including exploration drilling, can become environmentally sustainable by creating and integrating exercises that minimise the environmental impact of these operations. These practices include measures like energy and water consumption, reducing land disturbance, preventing pollution and reducing waste production.

There are a number of definitions, but generally, sustainable development is any type of development that meets the current needs, without compromising the ability of future civilisation to fulfil its own needs.

Environmentally Sustainable Exploration Drilling

The continued discovery of new oil, mineral reserves, coal, improved recycling and major advancements in technology today has reduced the fears of depleting non-renewable resources. However, even though this mining process may occur in a relatively small area, the associated infrastructure and pollution from these activities have the potential to affect ecosystems health and the ability to provide the goods and services essential for environmental and human well-being. Examples of these services are water and air purification and waste materials decomposition. These can all be compromised in areas where the ecosystems are overwhelmed by high pollution levels.

So, in order to be environmentally sustainable, exploration drilling companies have to conduct these processes in a fashion that minimises their impact on the environment and leaves the sites in an acceptable condition for reuse by ecosystems or people. There are a number of management strategies and technologies being developed and employed by the mining industry to minimise the environmental impacts of these process. These include:

1. Reducing Energy Input

Exploration drilling can be a very energy intensive process. For instance, diesel is used by excavators and trucks during drilling. Even though this process is essential for finding geothermal reservoirs that have the potential to produce sufficient hydrothermal fluids for generating power, it still requires a lot of power to pull off. The extraction of fossil fuels as well as the construction of infrastructure needed for energy generation if the project successful have substantial environmental impacts. That includes increased risk of environmental contamination as well as the production of greenhouse gases.

Therefore, reducing the energy consumption at these sites reduces the gas emissions and extends the life of fossil fuels.

2. Reducing Waste Outputs

Exploration drilling wastes include mine water, solid waste and air particles. These can vary substantially in their composition and potential of contaminating the surroundings. In addition to preventing water, air and soil pollution, waste management strategies are needed in order to choose and create ideal storage facilities for the massive volumes of waste produced.

Generally, preventing pollution is considered to be more effective and economical at reducing environmental impact compared to dealing with it later. Some of the methods of reducing and eliminating waste during the exploration and production stages of mining include:

-Environmental control technologies

-Using clean production methods

-Using waste as raw material

-Minimising the amount of waste through re-engineering

Waste management techniques are also used to reduce the amount of wastewater produced and even treat it into desirable quality before it’s released.

Also, over the past several decades, most countries have passed environmental legislation stating acceptable standards of our impacts to water, land and air. As such, waste management strategies are increasingly needed in order to obtain an exploration drilling or mining permit in most parts of the world.…

Smiling young male postal delivery courier man in front of cargo van delivering package

How The Logistics Industry Is Becoming More Environmentally Friendly

More and more providers of various services try to embrace environmentally friendly practices and technologies, in a consistent attempt to protect our planet. Logistics companies make no exception, many of them making becoming “green” one of their most important missions. Let’s see a few ways the logistics industry is becoming more environmentally friendly.

By educating their drivers to become more aware of the impact of their actions on the environment, these companies can decrease their carbon footprint. For instance, drivers should learn that they should turn their truck off during long stops. By using alternative heating or cooling methods, they can reduce this fuel waste that contributes to the general pollution of the environment. Maintaining a constant speed is another way drivers can decrease their fuel consumption and the emission of greenhouse gas. While this isn’t always possible, it should be taken into consideration by truck drivers, at least on the less difficult portions of the road.

Adopting effective route planning procedures can help companies operating in the logistics industry make more effective use of their resources. When trucks are used to their full capacity, and when weather conditions are taken into consideration when planning future routes, these companies use the minimum fuel and resources needed to fulfill their contractual obligations. This approach can also help logistics companies to offer their clients better rates, while also securing their profit margins.

The planning of loading and dispatching should always take into consideration merging different loads destined for the same destination. In addition, installing aerodynamic panels on trucks can also contribute to making these vehicles more efficient, and therefore less polluting. The initial investment in these aerodynamic panels is fairly low, and the gains are nothing to sneeze at. A simple calculation can reveal the advantages of improving the trucks and of making them more efficient in operation.

The periodic renewal of the vehicles is another effective measure for switching to a more environmentally friendly activity. Modern trucks have more effective engines which consumer less fuel for generating the power required to keep the vehicle moving. Regular maintenance can also contribute to making these trucks more energy-efficient. Logistics companies that take proper care of their vehicle fleet spend less money on repairs, thus being able to score higher profits while also embracing a green approach to moving goods from one place to another.

Some of the biggest logistics companies are actively working to replace their metal shipping containers with plastic ones, wherever possible. The result is a lower total packaging weight, which translates into decreasing the fuel consumption needed for delivering the same freight volume.

As you can see, there are multiple ways the logistics industry can become more environmentally friendly. The active concern for the wellbeing of our planet can also bring these companies important benefits in terms of efficiency, cost savings and higher quality services. Going green is definitely a win-win situation for all parties involved in logistics processes, from vehicle fleet managers to end clients.…

Walking on Trails: How Does it Help Preserve Nature?

Walking is good not only for the heart but also for the environment. If you do this low-impact physical activity on trails, parks, or reserves, you’ll be able to maximize its health and environmental benefits.

Here are some of the environmental benefits of walking that will inspire you to walk more often.

Reduced carbon footprint

When you drive, your vehicle consumes much fuel—which is a nonrenewable resource—and produces toxic emissions that worsen air pollution. But when you walk, the only fuel you need to keep going is food and water. So when you’re in a situation when you’ll have to choose between driving and walking, go for the eco-friendlier choice! Aside from saving the environment, walking also allows you to save on fuel costs.

Better appreciation and respect for the environment

You’ll enjoy being one with nature, which makes you appreciate the beauty of your surroundings as you take your steps. What could be more relaxing and therapeutic than the fresh air, lush trees and grass, the birds chirping, and all the natural wonders?

Increased environmental awareness

Walking on trails teaches you about the impact of your actions on the environment, training you to become more disciplined and responsible for things as simple as disposing of your trash properly.

It also compels you to make sure that you minimize harm or damage you may cause to the environment. Here are the simple ways to achieve that while walking on trails:

  • If you’re going to walk with a pet, check the rules and restrictions of the trail management, as pets might not be allowed to enter.
  • Avoid wandering off the trail. If you stay on the trail, you won’t cause erosion and damage to plants.
  • Take home your trash and don’t throw garbage anywhere on the trail.
  • Respect all native wildlife in the trail. Don’t touch them. When you take pictures of animals, turn off the flash.

When you walk more often than you drive, you can save Mother Nature in your own simple ways.…

5 Environment-Friendly Equestrian Travel Tips that Every Horseback Rider Must Remember

By itself, horseback riding is an eco-friendly alternative to driving a noisy ATV when you’re going on a trail adventure. But did you know that you can make that activity even safer for the environment?

Here are the ways to make sure that your ride is good for the environment when you’re exploring a trail:

1. Cut down on waste

Bring reusable cookware, utensils, and container so that you won’t have to dispose of any trash when you go horseback riding. Instead of bringing water in a disposable plastic bottle, opt for a reusable water container. Use an eco-friendly soap as well to avoid chemicals to pollute the soil, lakes, and rivers on the trail.

2. Tie up and graze your horse using low-impact techniques

Never tie your horse to trees or bushes because it can damage them. Also, avoid grazing your horse near bodies of water like a river or lake. Instead, use a lower-impact technique such as picketing or hobbling to secure your riding buddy without harming anything on the trail.

3. Pick a local guide

Support the locals who practice sustainable and responsible eco-tourism by getting the services of a local guide.

4. Keep your horse’s hooves clean

Before you enter a trail, check your horse’s hooves to make sure they’re clean and won’t cause the spread of weeds and plant diseases.

5. Respect nature and wildlife

As you go riding with your horse, be quiet and just enjoy the beautiful view without yelling so that you don’t disturb the animals living there. Keep your distance from the animals you meet on your way, and resist the temptation to feed them.

When you’re on a horseback riding vacation, be mindful of your surroundings and your actions. May these five horseback travel tips guide you through your entire experience without harming nature.…

How to Minimize Your Environmental Impact When Biking: 6 Trail Etiquette Rules to Observe

Each year, motor vehicles emit over 80% of carbon monoxide and 30% of carbon dioxide in America. This makes biking a more environment-friendly option than driving a car. If you bike more often than you drive, then you’re taking the first few steps to save the environment.

On the other hand, riding a bicycle can have a negative environmental impact as well in the form of soil erosion and damage to vegetation. But fortunately, there are ways to minimize the potential harm that biking can cause. The International Mountain Bike Association developed trail etiquette rules to promote environmental and social responsibility among bikers.

  1. Don’t leave any trace. Stay on existing trails—they’re made for a good reason: to protect vulnerable muddy, wet, and vegetated trails against damage. This also means you shouldn’t create new trails.
  2. Don’t scare animals. Wild animals can easily be frightenedby a loud noise and a sudden motion. So be conscious of your movements and be careful when passing by horses so that you don’t disturb their peace.
  3. Don’t litter. Keep the trail clean by not throwing your trash anywhere. If you have trash, better take it home.
  4. Don’t go biking when it’s raining. During bad weather, the trail can get wet and muddy. Tires can damage tracks by eroding the soil, so it’s best to cancel your plan in such a condition.
  5. Respect the plants and wildlife. Bike carefully so that you won’t hit and cause damage to anything on the trail.
  6. Keep your bike clean. Before you take out your bike for a ride on a trail, make sure that it’s free of dirt, especially the tires. In doing so, you’ll avoid spreading plant diseases and weeds.

It doesn’t take much effort to help minimize the negative effects of biking on the environment—all it takes to be eco-friendly is to have discipline, mindfulness, and genuine care for nature.…